TORSION BOX: PURPOSE, LOCATION AND APPLICATION!
Don't forget to check out Sriram Sir's video in this post!
A torsion box, in simple terms isn't really a box but a Strengthening structure that makes container ships more strong to avoid TORSION and RACKING effect of dynamic movement.
It is the phenomenon which twists an object when force is applied to both ends.
You can fold a newspaper and try twisting it, it will get bent like in picture.
Likewise, ship encounters torsion when dynamic capabilities of waves tend to bend it.
It is the phenomenon of lateral bending of a rigid structure like a picture frame due to shear stress on it.
They are formed between top part of longitudinal bulkhead, sheer strake and freeboard deck.
They are found on Container vessels because they have only 1-1.5 metre of margin on the sides and hatch openings. Also the hatch openings are very large in order to accommodate most cargo containers. Thus leaving very vulnerable situation during rolling.
Torsion Box structure run from collision bulkhead to the aft peak bulkhead and are heavily stiffened by the bulb angles in order to make it worthy enough to perform its job.
See figure for an idea:
|torsion box stiffening|
- Prevents TORSIONAL BENDING on ships due to the torsional moment on ship caused by the dynamic movement (crest and trough formation) of the waves.
- To avoid the RACKING effect caused by the sheer stress on the vessel structure.
ALL STIFFENING MEMBERS ON CONTAINER VESSEL
- TORSION BOX (aft to fwd between collision bulkhead and aft peak bulkhead)
- Deep transverse webs at hatch ends
- Hatch itself
- Beam Knee, Tank Side Brackets
Sriram Balasubramanium Video On Torsion Box..Must See!